Long exposure is photography technique that involves long duration
shutter speed, bigger than one second to capture movements
Simply explained long exposure capture time.

Long exposure can be done with any kind camera,
It can be taken in three main modes:

– Bulb Mode
– Aperture Priority Mode
– Manual Mode

Everyday long exposure involves many types of different techniques.
It captures movement like clouds, water, stars, cars, etc…




This option is used for long exposure bigger than 30 seconds.
We can make up hours of long exposure by using filter that
darkens incoming light to the sensor, this filter is called nd filter.
More stops a nd filter have exposure will be longer.

Have in mind always to use high-quality nd filters like
Hoya, Tiffen, B+W, more expensive filters better image quality.
Shooting in this mode is simple, first, we use referring shutter speed
in aperture priority mode to make base settings for long exposure.
Next, we need to switch from auto to manual focusing to lock the focus.
Then we turn the dial to manual mode and enter the aperture number
from the aperture priority mode and as shutter speed we select bulb.
We compose the shot and we are ready for long exposure,
we make on test shoot to make sure that image is sharp.

On the viewfinder, we close the latch to prevent light leakage
or if we don`t have latch we put black tape on the viewfinder.
We put the nd filter and calculate long exposure time by
using referring chart down below or use any online calculator.
Then we lock the button on shutter cable and we wait
exposure to be done by calculated results.
Remember good stable tripod is a must.




Star trails photography is one of most challenging works.
However, if you learn it and practice, it will be much easier.
For star trails, you need wide angle lens with wide aperture, tripod
stable tripod, shutter cable, battery grip and additional batteries.

So let’s start, basic settings are:

-Shutter Speed (500 rule – 500/Focal Lens Length)

-Wide Aperture (f1.0 to f2.8)

-ISO Settings (ISO1600 to ISO6400)

-Manual Focusing

-Manual White Balance

-In-camera Noise Reduction Off

-Continuous Shooting Mode

We will set the tripod, frame the scene, manually focus the scene.
Set the basic settings, shutter speed around 15 to 30 sec, aperture
wide as can be, iso above 1600ISO, set Continuous Shooting Mode.
Make few shots just for testing, check sharpness, proper exposure,
noise level, check any trailing, check the focusing on stars.

Then we will start to shoot actual star trails.
The process takes a long time, be prepared for 3-5 hours.
Check batteries, sd cards, lens clearance (moisture).
Lock the shutter cable and wait for few hours of shooting.
Check camera every 30 minutes for moisture on the lens.

When the process is finished.
Export the raw files to Adobe Lightroom,
make synchronized editing.
Export the edited raw files to high-quality jpeg.
If necessary delete some jpeg that has traces from
A plane, car light, unwanted elements in photo.
Import all selected jpeg to program called starstax, experiment
on the blending modes and export finished photo as a tiff file.




Shooting lighting could be quite challenging.
Here is some tips to make the job simple.
Required accessories and settings that you will need


– Any Camera With Long Exposure Option
– Wide Angle Lens
– Stable Tripod
– Remote Shutter Trigger Or Optical Trigger
– Microfiber or Wiping Cloth
– Camera Lens Rain Sleave


– Manual Mode
– Shutter Speed (from 5 to 30 sec)
– Bulb Mode ( for more than 30 sec)
– Aperture (f8 to f16)
– ISO (Lowest Iso)
– Manual Focus( Set To Infinity)

So now we have the basic settings.
All we need to experiment for perfect shoot.
Depends from the time we are shooting, day, dusk, night
different settings need to be set.




Shooting fireworks are quite easy, but it takes practice.
Settings are generally same fo fireworks photography.

Here are some everyday tips:

– Tripod Is A Must
– Use a Remote Release
– Frame Your Shot
– Choose Focal Length
– Select Aperture (f8 to f16)
– Shutter Speed ( Bulb Mode )
– Use Base ISO
– No Flash
– Use Manual Mode
– Experiment and Track Result

For most of the time, we will shoot in manual mode.
A recommended setting for fireworks photography is based on bulb mode.
Something like f8 – 15sec




Steel Wool photography is a quite challenging job.
Apart from basic settings, safety is number one.
Make sure not to burn Yourself and environment.

Here are some everyday tips:

– Use Fine Steel Wool Grade 0000
– use Fire Extinguisher Or Water
– Use Lighter Or 9V Battery
– Safety Gloves
– Use Stainless Steel Whisk

Here are some everyday settings tips:

– Tripod Is A Must
– Use a Remote Release
– Frame Your Shot
– Choose Focal Length
– Select Aperture (f8 to f11)
– Shutter Speed ( Bulb Mode )
– Use Base ISO
– Use Manual Mode
– Experiment and Track Result

For most of the time, we will shoot in manual mode.
Recommended setting for Steel Wool photography are
based on bulb mode.

Experiment on shooting steel wool photography.
Different settings and different spinning techniques.
Try side way spinning for amazing results.